Is ISO 14001 a Gateway to More Advanced Voluntary Action? The Case of Green Supply Chain Management
37 Pages Posted: 2 Nov 2010
Date Written: November 2, 2010
Using Japanese facility-level data, we estimate the effects of ISO 14001 certification on the promotion of more advanced practices, namely green supply chain management (GSCM). Our results show that ISO 14001 promotes GSCM practices. Facilities with environmental management systems (EMS) certified to ISO 14001 are 40% more likely to assess their suppliers’ environmental performance and 50% more likely to require that their suppliers undertake specific environmental practices. Further, government programs that encourage voluntary EMS adoption indirectly promote GSCM practices. These programs increase the probabilities that facilities will assess their suppliers’ environmental performance and require suppliers to undertake specific environmental practices by 7% and 8% respectively. Combined, these findings suggest that there may be significant but previously unnoticed spillover effects of ISO 14001 and government promotion of voluntary action.
Keywords: Voluntary Actions, Positive Spillover, Environmental Management Systems, ISO 14001, Green Supply Chain Management, Government Assistance Programs, Environmental Impacts, Discrete Choice Model, Endogeneity
JEL Classification: C35, Q53, Q58, M11, M14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation