Can Transgenic Fish Save Fisheries?
GLOBALIZATION: EFFECT ON FISHERIES RESOURCES, William W. Taylor, Michael G. Schechter & Lois G. Wolfson, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2007
24 Pages Posted: 31 Aug 2010 Last revised: 15 Jul 2013
Date Written: August 31, 2006
In this world of downward trends and depressing statistics, aquaculture, or fish farming, has been heralded as the great hope. Aquaculture was to relieve pressure on deteriorating wild fish stocks by replacing capture fisheries with fish farming. This shift to fish husbandry would allow wild populations to recover because reduced fishing pressures would mean greater cohort survival and reproduction. At the same time, aquaculture production could expand almost infinitely to satisfy the world’s ever-increasing demand for fish. Nice story. Too bad it did not work out that way. The fastest growing sector of aquaculture involves raising carnivorous fish for western markets. Now, entrepreneurs propose going a step further - raising transgenic salmon in conventional open-water aquaculture pens. This chapter explores the environmental effects associated with farming of transgenic salmon, and concludes that the benefit the world garners from farming of transgenic salmon is unlikely to exceed, or even approach the increased risks that transgenic salmon would create.
Keywords: Genetically Modified Salmon, Aqua Bounty, New Animal Drug, FDA, Genetically Modified, GMO, LMO, Transgenic Salmon, Transgenic, Salmon, Fish, Fishery, Fisheries, Biotechnology, Genetic Engineering, Biotechnology
JEL Classification: K00, K32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation