Perception of Environmental Degradation and Family Size: A Comparative Study on Married Man and Women (Indigenous People) in Bangladesh
9 Pages Posted: 5 Sep 2010
Date Written: September 4, 2010
In the study we try to understand and compare how the married man and women in the indigenous community (Khasia people), Bangladesh perceive the relation between family size and environmental degradation. The findings of the study show that people who think their local environment such as land productivity, water level and biodiversity are declining are more concerned about the family size and contraceptive use. Children in poor areas or forested areas are involved to collect fuel wood and water. Most the parents in the study area perceive an additional child as a helping hand in domestic works or fuel woods and water collection. The factors involved having additional children and subsequently negative effects on environment are low level of education, lack of employment opportunities and alternative sources of income and cultural belief. Socio-economic development of indigenous communities through education of women, participation to reproductive decision and access to contraception, and improvement of environment such as proper sanitation, clean drinking water, and environmental awareness should be considered to change the perception to a larger family size and excessive use natural resources.
Keywords: Gender Preference, Environmental Factors, Family Size, Indigenous People, Perception, Socio-Economic Development
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