A Documentary History of Naples: Ancient Naples, Chapter Two - From Parthenope to Neapolis
60 Pages Posted: 13 Sep 2010
Date Written: September 13, 2010
The early history of Naples is traced, from prehistory to the eve of the Samnite Wars. Founded on recent archaeological discoveries and a close reading of the texts documenting the city's founding, this chapter presents a fresh interpretation of the motives and events underlying the Greek foundation of the earliest mainland colony on the Bay of Naples, Parthenope, the subsequent founding of Neapolis nearby, and the arrival of the Athenians at Neapolis in the mid-fifth century BCE. The Samnite invasion of the 420s BCE, and its influence over the subsequent development and ethnic identity of Neapolis, is also considered.
Keywords: Naples, Neapolis, Greek, History, Parthenope, Samnites, Samnite, Campania, Cumae
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