Redshirting, Compulsory Schooling Laws, and Educational Attainment

29 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2010 Last revised: 17 Nov 2010

See all articles by Dionissi Aliprantis

Dionissi Aliprantis

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Date Written: September 13, 2010

Abstract

A wide literature uses date of birth as an instrument to study the causal effects of educational attainment. This paper shows how parents delaying their children’s initial enrollment in kindergarten, a practice known as redshirting, can make estimates obtained through this identification framework all but impossible to interpret. A latent index model is used to illustrate how the monotonicity assumption in this framework is violated if redshirting decisions are made in a setting of essential heterogeneity. Empirical evidence is presented from the ECLS-K data set that favors this scenario; redshirting is common and heterogeneity in the treatment effect of educational attainment is likely a factor in parents’ redshirting decisions.

Keywords: Instrumental Variable, Local Average Treatment Effect, Average Causal Response,Essential Heterogeneity, Independence, Monotonicity, Latent Index Model

JEL Classification: C01, C21, I21, J01

Suggested Citation

Aliprantis, Dionissi, Redshirting, Compulsory Schooling Laws, and Educational Attainment (September 13, 2010). FRB of Cleveland Working Paper No. 10-12, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1676483

Dionissi Aliprantis (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland ( email )

East 6th & Superior
Cleveland, OH 44101-1387
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
55
Abstract Views
644
rank
445,096
PlumX Metrics