Scientific Productivity and Academic Promotion: A Study on French and Italian Physicists

67 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2010 Last revised: 29 Oct 2014

See all articles by Francesco Lissoni

Francesco Lissoni

University of Bordeaux - GREThA; CRIOS - Bocconi University

Jacques Mairesse

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST); Maastricht University - United Nations and Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Fabio Montobbio

iCRIOS - Bocconi University; Catholic University of Milan - Department of Economic Policy

Michele Pezzoni

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: September 2010

Abstract

The paper examines the determinants of scientific productivity (number of articles and journals' impact factor) for a panel of about 3600 French and Italian academic physicists active in 2004-05. Endogeneity problems concerning promotion and productivity are addressed by specifying a generalized Tobit model, in which a selection probit equation accounts for the individual scientist's probability of promotion to her present rank, and a productivity regression estimates the effects of age, gender, cohort of entry, and collaboration characteristics, conditional on the scientist's rank. We find that the size and international nature of collaborative projects and co-authors' past productivity have very significant impacts on current productivity, while age and gender, and past productivity are also influential determinants of both productivity and probability of promotion. Furthermore we show that the stop-and-go policies of recruitment and promotion, typical of the Italian and French centralized academic systems of governance, can leave significant long-lasting cohort effects on research productivity.

Suggested Citation

Lissoni, Francesco and Mairesse, Jacques and Montobbio, Fabio and Pezzoni, Michele, Scientific Productivity and Academic Promotion: A Study on French and Italian Physicists (September 2010). NBER Working Paper No. w16341. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1676649

Francesco Lissoni (Contact Author)

University of Bordeaux - GREThA ( email )

avenue Léon Duguit
33608 Pessac cedex
France

CRIOS - Bocconi University

via Rontgen 1
Milan, MI 20122
Italy

Jacques Mairesse

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST) ( email )

15 Boulevard Gabriel Peri
Malakoff Cedex, 1 92245
France

Maastricht University - United Nations and Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (UNU-MERIT)

Keizer Karelplein 19
6211 TC Maastricht
Netherlands

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Fabio Montobbio

iCRIOS - Bocconi University ( email )

Via Roentgen 1
20136 Milan, MI 20136
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/montobbiofabio/

Catholic University of Milan - Department of Economic Policy ( email )

Largo Gemelli 1
Milan, MI Milano 20123
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/montobbiofabio/

Michele Pezzoni

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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