'If it Suffices to Accuse': United States V. Watts and the Reassessment of Acquittals
Elizabeth E. Joh
University of California, Davis - School of Law
New York University Law Review, Vol. 74, No. 887, 1999
Despite sweeping changes, few courts or commentators have reflected upon the communicative effects of the United States Sentencing Guidelines. Enacted in 1984, the Sentencing Guidelines represent the most significant modem alteration of federal sentencing.
The extensive commentary on the Sentencing Guidelines tends to focus on the constitutional and political issues surrounding their implementation. If punishment is constitutive of social beliefs, however, current sentencing practices merit examination. Though the Supreme Court's decisions have not been illuminating in this regard, a 1997 case that centered on a controversial Sentencing Guidelines practice provides a compelling opportunity to examine the intersection of sentencing and its communicative effects. United States v. Watts decided whether federal judges should consider acquitted conduct under the Guidelines. The Watts decision received little attention, and those who followed the development of the Sentencing Guidelines were probably not surprised by the outcome of the decision. The lack of critical engagement is not, however, indicative of the decision's significance; Watts underscores the manner in which the communicative force of current sentencing practices is overlooked.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 28
Keywords: real offense sentencing, punishment, acquittal, sentencing
Date posted: September 16, 2010