Diversity in Academic Biomedicine: An Evaluation of Education and Career Outcomes with Implications for Policy

47 Pages Posted: 16 Sep 2010  

Donna K. Ginther

University of Kansas - Department of Economics

Walter T. Schaffer

National Institutes of Health

Joshua Schnell

Discovery Logic/Thomson Reuters

Beth Masimore

Discovery Logic/Thomson Reuters

Faye Liu

Discovery Logic/Thomson Reuters

Laurel L. Haak

Discovery Logic/Thomson Reuters

Raynard S. Kington

Grinnell College

Date Written: September 22, 2009

Abstract

Currently, the U.S. population is undergoing major racial and ethnic demographic shifts that could affect the pool of individuals interested in pursuing a career in biomedical research. To achieve its mission of improving health, the National Institutes of Health must recruit and train outstanding individuals for the biomedical workforce. In this study, we examined the educational transition rates in the biomedical sciences by gender, race, and ethnicity, from high school to academic career outcomes. Using a number of educational databases, we investigated gender and racial/ethnic representation at typical educational and career milestones en route to faculty careers in biomedicine. We then employed multivariate regression methods to examine faculty career outcomes, using the National Science Foundation’s Survey of Doctorate Recipients. We find that while transitions between milestones are distinctive by gender and race/ethnicity, the transitions between high school and college and between college and graduate school are critical points at which underrepresented minorities are lost from the biomedical pipeline, suggesting some specific targets for policy intervention.

Keywords: Scientific Labor Force, Race, Gender, Diversity, Career Outcomes, Science Policy

JEL Classification: J4, J71

Suggested Citation

Ginther, Donna K. and Schaffer, Walter T. and Schnell, Joshua and Masimore, Beth and Liu, Faye and Haak, Laurel L. and Kington, Raynard S., Diversity in Academic Biomedicine: An Evaluation of Education and Career Outcomes with Implications for Policy (September 22, 2009). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1677993 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1677993

Donna K. Ginther (Contact Author)

University of Kansas - Department of Economics ( email )

1300 Sunnyside Drive
Lawrence, KS 66045-7585
United States

Walter T. Schaffer

National Institutes of Health ( email )

9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, MD 20892
United States

Joshua Schnell

Discovery Logic/Thomson Reuters ( email )

1375 Piccard Drive, Suite 360
Rockville, MD 20850
United States

Beth Masimore

Discovery Logic/Thomson Reuters ( email )

1375 Piccard Drive, Suite 360
Rockville, MD 20850
United States

Faye Liu

Discovery Logic/Thomson Reuters ( email )

1375 Piccard Drive, Suite 360
Rockville, MD 20850
United States

Laurel L. Haak

Discovery Logic/Thomson Reuters ( email )

1375 Piccard Drive, Suite 360
Rockville, MD 20850
United States

Raynard S. Kington

Grinnell College ( email )

1121 Park Street
Grinnell, IA 50112
United States

Paper statistics

Downloads
320
Rank
76,159
Abstract Views
1,953