60 Pages Posted: 18 Sep 2010 Last revised: 4 Jun 2012
Date Written: May 2011
During episodes of market turmoil, institutional investors with short trading horizons are inclined or forced to sell their holdings to a larger extent than investors with longer trading horizons. This may amplify the effects of market-wide shocks on the prices of stocks held by short horizon investors. We test the relevance of this mechanism by exploiting the negative shock caused by Lehman Brothers’ bankruptcy in September 2008. Consistent with our conjecture, short-term investors sell significantly more than long-term investors around and after the Lehman Brothers’ bankruptcy. Most importantly, stocks held by short-term investors experience more severe price drops and larger price reversals than those held by long-term investors. Since they are obtained after controlling for contemporaneous net flows, the stocks’ exposure to innovations in implied volatility and aggregate liquidity, various firms’ and investors’ characteristics, including the momentum effect and the propensity of institutional investors to follow an index, our results cannot be explained by characteristics of the institutions’ investment strategy other than their investment horizons. We also show that the effect of investor trading horizon emerges during other episodes of severe market turmoil, such as the October 1987 market crash. Overall, the empirical evidence strongly indicates that investors’ short horizons amplify the effects of market-wide negative shocks.
Keywords: Fire sales, Institutional investors, Investor horizon, Market crashes, Financial crisis
JEL Classification: G11, G12, G14, G18, G22
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Cella, Cristina and Ellul, Andrew and Giannetti, Mariassunta, Investors’ Horizons and the Amplification of Market Shocks (May 2011). ECGI - Finance Working Paper No. 298/2010. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1678021 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1678021
By Alex Edmans