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The Discourse of Women Santri (Students in Islamic Boarding School) About Politics in East Java – Indonesia

8 Pages Posted: 16 Sep 2010  

Siti Kholifah

University of Brawijaya

Date Written: September 16, 2010


In the concept of gender theology, gender inequality is attributable to divine creation; all belongs to God. Pesantren (Islamic boarding school) is an educational institution with Islamic religion as a specific academic course, still assumed to have a biased concept of gender. Hence, the aim of the research investigates the discourse of women santri about politics. Secondly, this research examines santri’s perception about women in politics as a description the processes of political learning in Islamic boarding school.

By using Foucault’s and feminist theory, the study has been done at pesantren in Jombang, East Java, Indonesia. This research has been conducted as qualitative study, using phenomenology approach. The data collection has been conducted observation and in-depth interview. The results of research are: firstly, there are many varieties of women santri’s discourse and response about politics. Some of women santri state that politics is horrible, repressive, violence and still influenced by masculine domination. However some of santri stress that politics are the rules of games that depend on the political actors. The differences about politics discourse are influenced by knowledge, experience and social setting of participant, political reality in Indonesia, social construction, patriarchal culture, and hegemony of religion that have interpreting misogyny religion texts.

Secondly, woman’s participation in politics sphere is considered as woman’s right and choice to develop equal opportunity in public area. According to Woman santri, the dominant obstacles faced by woman when they develop career in politics area are family and how to balance their roles in public and domestic. Besides, another problems woman in politics are religion, culture (patriarchy), law and woman herself can be barrier for women as political. Finally, woman movement in pesantren can be categorized as apologetic, reformative and transformative.

Keywords: Gender Theology, Discourse and Politics

Suggested Citation

Kholifah, Siti, The Discourse of Women Santri (Students in Islamic Boarding School) About Politics in East Java – Indonesia (September 16, 2010). OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 1, No. 9, pp. 81-88, 2010. Available at SSRN:

Siti Kholifah (Contact Author)

University of Brawijaya ( email )

MT. Haryono 165
Jalan Veteran, Malang, Jawa Timur 65145, Indonesia
Malang, IN East Java 65145

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