Effects of International R&D Alliances on Performance of High-Tech Start-Ups: A Longitudinal Analysis
Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 346-368, December 2009
48 Pages Posted: 21 Sep 2010 Last revised: 2 Feb 2014
Date Written: October 21, 2009
In this paper we use the theoretical lens of resource and competence-based perspectives and global strategic network theories to analyze the effects of international R&D alliances on the performance of high-tech start-ups. In the empirical section of the paper we consider the European Union funded international R&D alliances established by a large sample of Italian high-tech start-ups over the period from 1994 to 2003. We measure firm performance through total factor productivity and we resort to generalized method of moments system estimates to detect the treatment effect of alliance formation according to type and home country of the partners. The econometric results suggest that international R&D alliances are most beneficial to high-tech startups if i) they involve industrial partners located in a variety of countries and ii) these countries are closer to world knowledge sources.
Keywords: New technology-based firms, international R&D alliances, total factor productivity, global strategic networks, proximity
JEL Classification: M13, F23, D21, D24
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