An Application of Complex Network Theory to German Commuting Patterns

NETWORK SCIENCE, NONLINEAR SCIENCE AND INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS, pp. 165-183, T. Friesz, ed., Springer Publishing, 2007

16 Pages Posted: 23 Sep 2010

See all articles by Sean P. Gorman

Sean P. Gorman

George Mason University - School of Policy, Government, and International Affairs

Roberto Patuelli

University of Bologna - Department of Economics

Aura Reggiani

University of Bologna - Department of Economics

Peter Nijkamp

VU University of Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics; Tinbergen Institute

Rajendra Kulkarni

Schar School of Policy & Government, GMU

Günter Haag

Steinbeis Transfer Centre Applied System Analysis (STASA)

Date Written: 2007

Abstract

Simulating the structure and evolution of complex networks is an area that has recently received considerable attention. Most of this research has grown out of the physical sciences, but there is growing interest in their application to the social sciences, especially regional science and transportation. This paper presents a network structure simulation experiment utilizing a gravity model to identify interactions embodied in socio-economic processes. In our empirical case, we consider home-to-work commuting patterns among 439 German labour market districts. Specifically, the paper examines first the connectivity distribution of the German commuting network. The paper next develops a spatial interaction model to estimate the structure and flows in the network concerned. The focus of this paper is to examine how well the spatial interaction model replicates the structure of the German commuting network as compared to complex network models. Finally, the structure of the physical German road network is compared to the spatial flows of commuters across it for a tentative supply-demand comparison.

Keywords: complex networks, commuting, infrastructure

Suggested Citation

Gorman, Sean P. and Patuelli, Roberto and Reggiani, Aura and Nijkamp, Peter and Kulkarni, Rajendra and Haag, Günter, An Application of Complex Network Theory to German Commuting Patterns (2007). NETWORK SCIENCE, NONLINEAR SCIENCE AND INFRASTRUCTURE SYSTEMS, pp. 165-183, T. Friesz, ed., Springer Publishing, 2007, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1680327

Sean P. Gorman

George Mason University - School of Policy, Government, and International Affairs ( email )

Founders Hall
3351 Fairfax Dr.
Arlington, VA 22201
United States

Roberto Patuelli (Contact Author)

University of Bologna - Department of Economics ( email )

via Anghera' 22
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Italy
+39-0541-434276 (Phone)
+39-02-700419665 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/patuellihomepage/

Aura Reggiani

University of Bologna - Department of Economics ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli, 2
Bologna, 40126
Italy

Peter Nijkamp

VU University of Amsterdam - Department of Spatial Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
1081HV Amsterdam
Netherlands
+31 20 4446091 (Phone)
+31 20 4445611 (Fax)

Tinbergen Institute

Gustav Mahlerplein 117
Amsterdam, 1082 MS
Netherlands

Rajendra Kulkarni

Schar School of Policy & Government, GMU ( email )

Founders Hall
3351 Fairfax Dr.
Arlington, VA 22201
United States

Günter Haag

Steinbeis Transfer Centre Applied System Analysis (STASA) ( email )

Stuttgart
Germany

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