Deposit Dollarization and its Impact on Financial Deepening in the Developing World
Fordham University Department of Economics Discussion Paper No. 2010-08
30 Pages Posted: 22 Sep 2010
Date Written: September 1, 2010
One of the main reasons for dollarization is the erosion of money's function as a store of value as the Currency Substitution view suggests. It has not been uncommon for countries with high inflationary processes to have high dollarization ratios and banking system that faces important challenges and risks that significantly affect their ability to provide capital to the overall economy (financial intermediation). In these economies, dollarization played a dual role: in one hand, the role of a hedging instrument protecting the value of money and, in the other hand, contributing to generate the so-called currency mismatch and default risks. This paper investigates the role of dollarization on the development of financial intermediation in developing economies. Our empirical findings suggest that dollarization has a negative impact on financial deepening, except on high-inflation economies.
Keywords: Dollarization, Financial Development, Financial Deepening
JEL Classification: F31, G21, 024
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation