Staying, Dropping, or Switching: The Impacts of Bank Mergers on Small Firms
National Bank of Belgium Working Paper No. 179
45 Pages Posted: 24 Sep 2010 Last revised: 27 Sep 2010
Date Written: October 26, 2009
Assessing the impacts of bank mergers on small firms requires separating borrowers with single versus multiple banking relationships and distinguishing the three alternatives of "staying," "dropping," and "switching" of relationship. Single-relationship borrowers who "switch" to another bank following a merger will be less harmed than those whose relationship is "dropped" and not replaced. Using Belgian data, we find that single-relationship borrowers of target banks are more likely than other borrowers to be dropped. We track post-merger performance and show that many dropped target-bank borrowers are harmed by the merger. Multiple-relationship borrowers are less harmed, as they can better hedge against relationship discontinuations.
Keywords: Bank mergers, bank lending relationships, SME loans
JEL Classification: G21, G28, G34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation