The ASEAN Economic Community: A General Equilibrium Analysis
29 Pages Posted: 25 Sep 2010 Last revised: 25 Nov 2011
Date Written: November 21, 2010
The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) is the largest integration effort attempted in the developing world; if realized, it will create a single market with the free movement of goods, services, foreign direct investment and skilled labor, and freer movement of capital encompassing nearly 600 million people. The study finds that the AEC could yield benefits similar to those of the European Union, amounting to 5.3% of the region’s GDP and more than twice that if, as expected, the AEC leads to free trade agreements with key external partners. Every ASEAN member will share in these benefits. There will be mild trade and investment diversion effects, but the world as a whole will benefit from the AEC. Nevertheless, the AEC poses political challenges: the study finds that the project will imply significant structural adjustment in several ASEAN economies.
Keywords: ASEAN, ASEAN Economic Community, regional economic integration, free trade areas
JEL Classification: F12, F13, F14, F15, O2
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