Application of Planned Behavior Framework in Understanding Factors Influencing Intention to Leave Among Alumnae of the Faculty of Economics University of Indonesia Year 2000-2003
Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Business and Management Research, 2008
12 Pages Posted: 25 Sep 2010
Date Written: August 28, 2008
Employee’s turnover or job-switching behavior has always been a major concern of every human resources manager in relation to human capital investments. Many researches have been done to analyze how and why people switched jobs. Although most of these researches use attitudinal approaches that linked attitude directly to behavior, Chandrashekaran et al. (2000) and Mitchell-Sablynski et al. (2001) has used intention as intervening variable in their job switching model
This research uses Theory of Planned Behavior from Ajzen (2004) as framework to model intentions to leave among fresh graduates. Theory of Planned Behavior uses Attitude, Subjective Norms and Perceived Behavioral Control to predict intention which leads to behavior. Psychological contract is used as one attitudinal variable based on research done by Chay and Aryee (1994), while job-embeddedness is also used as the second attitudinal variable based on research done by Mitchell-Sablynski et al. (2001). Ease of Movement is used as behavioral control variable, both actual and perceived, based on separate researches done by Spencer and Steers (1980), Trevor (2001), and Malcolmson et. al (2005). While subjective norms is developed using the questions used by Ajzen (2004).
The respondent used in this research is 129 graduates randomly sampled from 1105 alumnus of the Faculty of Economics University of Indonesia year 2000-2003 using clusters sampling method. Structural Equation Modeling process is then used to test whether the data obtained from the survey supports the model proposed. The result obtained from this research is that there is a significant negative relationship between both attitude construct and the intention to leave, in which higher Job Embeddedness and Psychological Contract would decrease the intention to leave. However, this research found that the relationship between Subjective Norms and Perceived Movement Capital to the Intention to Leave is not significant based on the data used in this research. Further research is recommended to confirm about the relationship between the Intention to Leave and the actual behavior of Job Switching, and to analyze the influence of Actual Movement Capital toward Perceived Movement Capital and the actual Job Switching Behavior.
Keywords: Planned Behavior , Intent to Leave, Job-Embeddedness, Psychological Contract, Ease of Movement
JEL Classification: M12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation