Managing Unintended Consequences in Regional Aid for Trade Infrastructure Projects: The Case of the International Network of Mesoamerican Highways (RICAM)
29 Pages Posted: 26 Sep 2010
Date Written: September 25, 2010
We focus on the International Network of Mesoamerican Highways (RICAM), which forms part of the Mesoamerican Integration and Development Project. RICAM is a trade-related infrastructure project that aims to promote regional development through trade. It will facilitate the transportation of goods and people by reducing travel time and improving border efficiency in the transportation corridor between Mexico and Colombia.
We propose that the RICAM project adopt measures to reduce the risk that this transportation corridor becomes a focal point for the transmission of HIV/AIDS and associated sexually transmitted diseases. Central America has some of the highest HIV infection rates in the hemisphere. The association between trucking routes, trade and HIV transmission has been well-documented in other settings. However, prevention programs in India and Africa have succeeded in reducing HIV transmission along transportation corridors. We recommend that similar prevention programs be implemented for RICAM.
Keywords: AIDS for Trade, RICAM, Plan Panama Puebla, HIV, AIDS, Highway Projects, Trucking Dispute
JEL Classification: F35, O19
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation