Gender Discrimination in Job Ads: Theory and Evidence

43 Pages Posted: 27 Sep 2010

See all articles by Peter Kuhn

Peter Kuhn

University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Kailing Shen

Xiamen University; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

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Abstract

We study firms' advertised gender preferences in a population of ads on a Chinese internet job board, and interpret these patterns using a simple employer search model. The model allows us to distinguish firmsメ underlying gender preferences from firmsメ propensities to restrict their search to their preferred gender. The model also predicts that higher job skill requirements should reduce the tendency to gender-target a job ad; this is strongly confirmed in our data. We also find that firms' underlying gender preferences are highly job-specific, with many firms requesting men for some jobs and women for others, and with one third of the variation in gender preferences within firm*occupation cells.

Keywords: discrimination, gender, China, internet, search

JEL Classification: J71

Suggested Citation

Kuhn, Peter J. and Shen, Kailing, Gender Discrimination in Job Ads: Theory and Evidence. IZA Discussion Paper No. 5195. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1682716

Peter J. Kuhn (Contact Author)

University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) - Department of Economics ( email )

North Hall 3036
Santa Barbara, CA 93106
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(805) 893-3666 (Phone)
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IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Kailing Shen

Xiamen University ( email )

Xiamen, Fujian 361005
China

HOME PAGE: http://www.wise.xmu.edu.cn/faculty/shen

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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