Implications of Middle School Behavior Problems for High School Graduation and Employment Outcomes of Young Adults: Estimation of a Recursive Model

32 Pages Posted: 27 Sep 2010 Last revised: 17 Oct 2010

See all articles by Mustafa C. Karakus

Mustafa C. Karakus

WESTAT

David S. Salkever

UMBC, Department of Public Policy

Eric Phillip Slade

University of Maryland - School of Medicine - Department of Veterans Affairs

Nicholas Ialongo

Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health

Elizabeth A. Stuart

Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health

Date Written: September 2010

Abstract

The potentially serious adverse impacts of behavior problems during adolescence on employment outcomes in adulthood provide a key economic rationale for early intervention programs. However, the extent to which lower educational attainment accounts for the total impact of adolescent behavior problems on later employment remains unclear As an initial step in exploring this issue, we specify and estimate a recursive bivariate probit model that 1) relates middle school behavior problems to high school graduation and 2) models later employment in young adulthood as a function of these behavior problems and of high school graduation. Our model thus allows for both a direct effect of behavior problems on later employment as well as an indirect effect that operates via graduation from high school. Our empirical results, based on analysis of data from the NELS, suggest that the direct effects of externalizing behavior problems on later employment are not significant but that these problems have important indirect effects operating through high school graduation.

Suggested Citation

Karakus, Mustafa C. and Salkever, David S. and Slade, Eric Phillip and Ialongo, Nicholas and Stuart, Elizabeth A., Implications of Middle School Behavior Problems for High School Graduation and Employment Outcomes of Young Adults: Estimation of a Recursive Model (September 2010). NBER Working Paper No. w16383. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1683133

Mustafa C. Karakus (Contact Author)

WESTAT ( email )

1650 Research Blvd.
Rockville, MD 20850
United States

David S. Salkever

UMBC, Department of Public Policy ( email )

1000 Hilltop Circle
Baltimore, MD 21250

Eric Phillip Slade

University of Maryland - School of Medicine - Department of Veterans Affairs ( email )

737 West Lombard Street, Room 526
Baltimore, MD 21201
United States

Nicholas Ialongo

Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health ( email )

615 North Wolfe Street
Baltimore, MD 21205
United States

Elizabeth A. Stuart

Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health ( email )

615 North Wolfe Street
Baltimore, MD 21205
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.biostat.jhsph.edu/~estuart

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
14
Abstract Views
322
PlumX Metrics