A Typology of Identity-Related Crime: Conceptual, Technical, and Legal Issues

Information, Communication & Society, Vol. 12, No. 1, p. 1-24, 2009

24 Pages Posted: 30 Sep 2010

See all articles by Bert-Jaap Koops

Bert-Jaap Koops

Tilburg University - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT)

Ronald E. Leenes

Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society; Tilburg Law School; Tilburg University

Martin Meints

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Nicole van der Meulen

VU University Amsterdam - Faculty of Law

David-Olivier Jaquet-Chiffelle

University of Lausanne

Date Written: January 1, 2009

Abstract

Identification is ever more important in the online world, and identity-related crime is a growing problem related to this. This new category of crime is not restricted to high-profile instances of identity theft or identity fraud; it is wide-ranging and complex, ranging from identity deletion to unlawful identity creation and identity theft. Commonly accepted definitions are lacking, thus blurring available statistics, and policies to combat this new crime are piecemeal at best. To assess the real nature and magnitude of identity-related crime, and to be able to discuss how it can be combated, identity-related crime should be understood in all its aspects. As a first key step, this article introduces a typology of identity-related crime, consisting of conceptual, technical and legal categories, that can be used as a comprehensive framework for future research, countermeasures and policies related to identity-related crime.

Keywords: identity theft, identity fraud, deletion, delegation, imposture, classification, law

JEL Classification: K14, K42, O38

Suggested Citation

Koops, Bert-Jaap and Leenes, Ronald E. and Meints, Martin and van der Meulen, Nicole and Jaquet-Chiffelle, David-Olivier, A Typology of Identity-Related Crime: Conceptual, Technical, and Legal Issues (January 1, 2009). Information, Communication & Society, Vol. 12, No. 1, p. 1-24, 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1684183

Bert-Jaap Koops (Contact Author)

Tilburg University - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) ( email )

P.O.Box 90153
Prof. Cobbenhagenlaan 221
Tilburg, 5037
Netherlands

Ronald E. Leenes

Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society

NL-5000 LE Tilburg
Netherlands

Tilburg Law School ( email )

Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

Tilburg University ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, DC 5000 LE
Netherlands

Martin Meints

affiliation not provided to SSRN ( email )

Nicole Van der Meulen

VU University Amsterdam - Faculty of Law ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
1081 HV Amsterdam
Netherlands

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