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Dynamic Order Submission Strategies with Competition between a Dealer Market and a Crossing Network

National Bank of Belgium Working Paper No. 121

64 Pages Posted: 5 Oct 2010  

Hans Degryse

KU Leuven, Department Accounting, Finance and Insurance; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Mark Van Achter

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Finance

Gunther Wuyts

KU Leuven - University of Leuven

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: November 15, 2007

Abstract

We present a dynamic microstructure model where a dealer market (DM) and a crossing network (CN) interact. Sequentially arriving traders with different valuations for an asset maximise their profits either by trading on a DM or by submitting an order for (possibly) uncertain execution via a CN. We develop the analysis for three different informational settings: transparency, "complete" opaqueness of all order flow, and "partial" opaqueness (with observable DM trades). A key result is that the interaction of trading systems generates systematic patterns in order flow for the transparency and partial opaqueness settings. The precise nature of these patterns depends on the degree of transparency at the CN. While unambiguous with a transparent CN, they may reverse direction if the CN is opaque. Moreover, in all three informational settings, we find that a CN and a DM cater for different types of traders. Investors with a high willingness to trade are more likely to prefer a DM. The introduction of a CN next to a DM also affects welfare as it increases total order flow by attracting traders who would otherwise not submit orders ("order creation"); in addition, it diverts trade from the DM ("trade diversion"). We find that the coexistence of a CN and DM produces more trader welfare than a DM in isolation. Also, more transparent markets lead to greater trader welfare but may reduce overall welfare.

Keywords: alternative trading systems, crossing network, dealer market, order flow, transparency, welfare

JEL Classification: G10, G20

Suggested Citation

Degryse, Hans and Van Achter, Mark and Wuyts, Gunther, Dynamic Order Submission Strategies with Competition between a Dealer Market and a Crossing Network (November 15, 2007). National Bank of Belgium Working Paper No. 121. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1686966 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1686966

Hans Degryse (Contact Author)

KU Leuven, Department Accounting, Finance and Insurance ( email )

Naamsestraat 69
Leuven, B-3000
Belgium

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom

Mark Van Achter

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Finance ( email )

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50
P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands
+31 10 40 82 953 (Phone)
+31 10 40 89 017 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.rsm.nl/mvanachter

Gunther Wuyts

KU Leuven - University of Leuven ( email )

KU Leuven - Faculty of Business and Economics
Naamsestraat 69
Leuven, Vlaams-Brabant 3000
Belgium
+3216326731 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.econ.kuleuven.be/gunther.wuyts

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