A Cross-Sectoral Examination of Weekly Hours of Work in the Turkish Labor Market
15 Pages Posted: 6 Oct 2010
Date Written: October 4, 2010
Making use of individual-level data from the 2008 Household Budget Survey, we examine the variation in the hours of work of Turkish workers during a normal work week. We consider several variables that are likely to define different sectors (or segments) of the labor market in terms of the weekly working hours they demand from the workers. The employment status, sector of employment, and occupation classifications allow for a 3-way analysis-of-variance (ANOVA) of the working hours of the total workforce, whereas the introduction of the public vs. private, white vs. blue-collar, and union vs. non-union member distinctions restricts the analysis to the subsample of regular wage and salary workers. In the absence of their interactions, we find that the formerly-mentioned three factors account for about 18 percent of the variation in weekly hours while the 5-way model explains 22 percent of the variation in the sample of regular employees. We also find that the explanatory power of the models is considerably higher in the case of female workers. In order to gain more insights from the ANOVA models, we also report the underlying regression coefficient estimates and the mean square figures due to each factor in the models. In terms of mean squares, the sector of employment and the public/private status variables turn out to be the largest contributors to the explanatory power of the three and five-factor models, respectively.
Keywords: hours of work, Turkish labor market, sectoral differences, ANOVA
JEL Classification: J22
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation