Lean and Green? Exploring the Spillovers from Lean Production to Environmental Performance
Production and Operations Management, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 244-256
Posted: 7 Oct 2010
Date Written: 2001
Lean production may have a significant public good spillover – improved environmental performance (Florida, 1996; Hart, 1997). However, empirical evidence of the link between lean production practices and environmental performance has not resolved the nature of the relationship. To explore this issue, we conduct an empirical analysis of the environmental performance of 17,499 U.S. manufacturing establishments during the time period 1991-1996. We find that those establishments that adopt the quality management standard ISO 9000 are more likely to adopt the environmental management standard ISO 14000. We also find strong evidence that lean production, as measured by ISO 9000 adoption and low chemical inventories, is complementary to waste reduction and pollution reduction.
Keywords: lean production, environmental performance, ISO 9000, ISO 14000
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