The Gender Gap Cracks Under Pressure: A Detailed Look at Male and Female Performance Differences During Competitions

26 Pages Posted: 12 Oct 2010

See all articles by Christopher Cotton

Christopher Cotton

Queen's University, Department of Economics

Frank McIntyre

Amazon.com

Joseph Price

Brigham Young University

Date Written: October 2010

Abstract

Using data from multiple-period math competitions, we show that males outperform females of similar ability during the first period. However, the male advantage is not found in any subsequent period of competition, or even after a two-week break from competition. Some evidence suggests that males may actually perform worse than females in later periods. The analysis considers various experimental treatments and finds that the existence of gender differences depends crucially on the design of the competition and the task at hand. Even when the male advantage does exist, it does not persist beyond the initial period of competition.

Suggested Citation

Cotton, Christopher and McIntyre, Frank and Price, Joseph, The Gender Gap Cracks Under Pressure: A Detailed Look at Male and Female Performance Differences During Competitions (October 2010). NBER Working Paper No. w16436, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1689368

Christopher Cotton (Contact Author)

Queen's University, Department of Economics ( email )

Dunning Hall 230
Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6
Canada

HOME PAGE: http://www.christophercotton.ca

Frank McIntyre

Amazon.com ( email )

Seattle, WA 98144
United States

Joseph Price

Brigham Young University ( email )

130 FOB
Provo, UT 84604
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://economics.byu.edu/directory/joseph-p-price

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