The Effects of Development on Migration: Theoretical Issues and New Empirical Evidence

38 Pages Posted: 13 Sep 1999

See all articles by Michael Vogler

Michael Vogler

University of Munich

Ralph Rotte

RWTH Aachen University - Institute for Political Science; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Date Written: June 1999

Abstract

Empirical research on the determinants of international migration including the LDCs has so far neglected one important issue: the complex relationship of development and migration. Since the beginning of the 1990s several arguments have been discussed which hint at the possibility that progress in development of less developed regions might lead to more migration, even if income differentials to the potential destination regions decrease. This paper presents these arguments and tests them for the case of migration to Germany from 86 Asian and African countries from 1981 to 1995. The results confirm the importance of dissolving financial restrictions on migration, migration networks, and changes in the societal structure of the sending countries as well as the existence of a home preference. It is shown, however, that population growth does not necessarily lead to more international migration. The estimations also control for the political situation in the home countries and for institutional measures in the host country.

JEL Classification: F22, O15, O19

Suggested Citation

Vogler, Michael and Rotte, Ralph, The Effects of Development on Migration: Theoretical Issues and New Empirical Evidence (June 1999). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=169071

Michael Vogler (Contact Author)

University of Munich ( email )

Ludwigstrasse 28 RG
SELAPO
Munich 80539
Germany
+49 89 2180 2891 (Phone)
+49 89 336392 (Fax)

Ralph Rotte

RWTH Aachen University - Institute for Political Science ( email )

Ahornsr. 55
D-52074 Aachen
Germany
+49 241 80 248 24 (Phone)
+49 241 80 221 62 (Fax)

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

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