The Immutability of Categories and the Reshaping of Southern Politics

Posted: 14 Oct 2010

See all articles by J. Morgan Kousser

J. Morgan Kousser

California Institute of Technology

Date Written: June 2010


How did the no-party, extremely-low-turnout, fragmented political system that V.O. Key, Jr. described in his 1949 book Southern Politics get transformed into the Republican-dominant, average-turnout, highly-organized political structure that propelled Georgia Republican Newt Gingrich into the House Speakership in 1995? After a long series of analytical narratives that focused on racial explanations for the shifts in white voting behavior, several of the most recent works have emphasized class and economic development. I suggest that both explanations are misleading because they treat race, class, and party as stable phenomena, when it is the changes in these phenomena and in their interactions that ought to be the focus of explanations for the reshaping of southern politics. A comprehensive successor to Key's masterwork will have to blend religion and ideology (which have also undergone dramatic changes in the six decades of southern history since Key wrote) with race and class, and it will have to describe and explain changes in governance, as well.

Suggested Citation

Kousser, J. Morgan, The Immutability of Categories and the Reshaping of Southern Politics (June 2010). Annual Review of Political Science, Vol. 13, pp. 365-383, 2010. Available at SSRN: or

J. Morgan Kousser (Contact Author)

California Institute of Technology ( email )

Pasadena, CA 91125
United States

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