The U.S. Aid ‘Surge’ to Pakistan: Repeating a Failed Experiment? Lessons for U.S. Policymakers from the World Bank’s Social-Sector Lending in the 1990s

67 Pages Posted: 13 Oct 2010

See all articles by Nancy Birdsall

Nancy Birdsall

Center for Global Development

Molly Kinder

Center for Global Development

Date Written: March 17, 2010

Abstract

During the 1990s, the World Bank and several donor partners provided a “surge” in external aid to support Pakistan’s social sectors. Despite the millions of donor dollars spent, the program failed. Poverty was higher in Pakistan in 2004 than it was a decade earlier when the antipoverty program began. This working paper re-releases a CGD analysis of the World Bank’s program, which was prepared in 2005 by CGD researchers Nancy Birdsall, Milan Vaishnav, and Adeel Malik. The analysis reports the many problems donors faced while working with Pakistan’s government to improve health and education outcomes. A new preface by Nancy Birdsall and Molly Kinder identifies the key lessons from this massive donor experiment that are relevant today, as the United States and other donors prepare to increase their assistance to Pakistan to historic levels.

Keywords: Pakistan, world bank, aid

Suggested Citation

Birdsall, Nancy and Kinder, Molly, The U.S. Aid ‘Surge’ to Pakistan: Repeating a Failed Experiment? Lessons for U.S. Policymakers from the World Bank’s Social-Sector Lending in the 1990s (March 17, 2010). Center for Global Development Working Paper No. 205. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1691808 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1691808

Nancy Birdsall (Contact Author)

Center for Global Development ( email )

2055 L St. NW
5th floor
Washington, DC 20036
United States
202-416-0700 (Phone)

Molly Kinder

Center for Global Development ( email )

2055 L St. NW
5th floor
Washington, DC 20036
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
18
Abstract Views
287
PlumX Metrics