Measuring the Effect of Sexual Orientation on Income: Evidence of Discrimination?
Contemporary Economic Policy, Vol. 20, pp. 394-414, 2002
21 Pages Posted: 15 Oct 2010
Date Written: 2002
The effect of nonheterosexuality on individual income is estimated using 1991-1996 General Social Survey data. Other researchers have concluded that homosexuals earn less than similarly qualified workers, in contrast to the popular perception that homosexuals are more affluent than nonhomosexuals. Using improves statistical techniques, this article finds noticeable earnings effects that go in opposite directions across genders. Nonheterosexual men earn 22% less than heterosexual men, and nonheterosexual women earn 30% more than heterosexual women. These findings, viewed together with previous empirical work on this topic, help narrow the field of theories that can explain the sexual-orientation earnings gaps present in the data.
Keywords: GBL, behavioral economics, gay, lesbian, civil rights, logit, logistic, discrete dependent variables, limited dependent variables, misreporting, nonresponse, mis-reporting, non-response
JEL Classification: J78, J31, J11, C24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation