Aging and the Financing of Social Security in Switzerland
50 Pages Posted: 17 Oct 2010
Date Written: August 16, 2010
Demographic projections forecast a doubling of the dependency ratio until 2050 as well as an increase of 10% in population due to longer life expectancy in Switzerland. To quantify the effects on social security and public finances, we use a computational overlapping generations model with five margins of labor supply: labor market participation, hours worked, job search, retirement, and on-the-job training. Starting with a passive fiscal strategy, we find that aging might reduce per capita income by 20 percent and necessitate a long-run increase of wage taxes and social security contributions by 21 percentage points. A comprehensive reform package, including an increase in the effective retirement age to 68 years and several other measures, may limit the tax increases to 4 percentage points of value added tax and reduce the decline of per capita income to less than 6%.
Keywords: aging, social security, retirement, human capital, unemployment
JEL Classification: D58, D91, H55, J26, J64
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