Inside Organizations: Pricing, Politics, and Path Dependence

Posted: 18 Oct 2010

See all articles by Robert S. Gibbons

Robert S. Gibbons

Massachusetts Institute of Technology - Sloan School and Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 2010

Abstract

When economists have considered organizations, much attention has focused on the boundary of the firm, rather than its internal structures and processes. In contrast, this review sketches three approaches to the economic theory of internal organization—one substantially developed, another rapidly emerging, and a third on the horizon. The first approach (pricing) applies Pigou's prescription: If markets get prices wrong, then the economist's job is to fix the prices. The second approach (politics) considers environments where important actions inside organizations simply cannot be priced, so power and control become central. Finally, the third approach (path dependence) complements the first two by shifting attention from the between variance to the within. That is, rather than asking how organizations confronting different circumstances should choose different structures and processes, the focus here is on how path dependence can cause persistent performance differences among seemingly similar enterprises.

Suggested Citation

Gibbons, Robert S., Inside Organizations: Pricing, Politics, and Path Dependence (March 2010). Annual Review of Economics, Vol. 2, pp. 337-365, 2010. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1693012 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.economics.050708.143304

Robert S. Gibbons (Contact Author)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology - Sloan School and Department of Economics ( email )

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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