25 Pages Posted: 17 Oct 2010 Last revised: 22 Feb 2011
Date Written: February 16, 2011
Using the Work Schedules and Work at Home Supplement to the May 2004 Current Population Survey and the American Time Use Survey 2003-09, I examine the characteristics of employees who perform some work at home, and the link between work at home and wages. I find that the probability and duration of work from home vary substantially by occupation and are positively associated with higher levels of education and longer usual hours of work. Women and married men work at home more often than other groups, whereas hourly workers work from home less. Parents shift work at home away from weekends to weekdays. Consistent with the literature, pooled sample estimates suggest a significant wage premium to telecommuting. However, separate analysis by occupation reveals no wage premium for men and women among non-hourly salary workers in high skills jobs. At the same time, there is a large, up to 20%, premium for paid and unpaid work at home in low skill jobs. Further research is needed to explain this puzzling occupation differential.
Keywords: Time Use, Work From Home, Flexible Schedule, Work-Family Balance
JEL Classification: J22, J30
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
By Joachim Merz