Gender Involvement in Fadama Farming for Sustainable Food Security in Ogun State, Nigeria
7 Pages Posted: 24 Oct 2010
Date Written: October 21, 2010
The study focused on gender involvement in fadama farming for sustainable food security in Obafemi Owode Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria. Eighty fadama farmers comprising of 34 males and 46 females were selected using purposive sampling technique. Questionnaire was used to obtain information from the respondents. Data were analysed using frequency distribution, percentages, mean, chi-square and correlation coefficient. Results revealed that 30 percent of the female farmers were literate, 23.42 percent and 32.00 percent were always involved in secondary occupation such as livestock rearing, trading and tailoring. Also, men (100.00 percent) and women (86.10 percent) were involved in land clearing, while a higher proportion (72.70 percent) of women were always involved in marketing of farm produce. More than 50 percent of male and female farmers were involved in the cultivation of leafy and fruity vegetables. Maize and rice were the cereals commonly cultivated by male and female farmers. Chi-square result showed that there was a significant association between sex (χ2 = 1.56), marital status (χ2 = 6.54), educational level (χ2 = 2.05) and gender involvement in fadama farming (P < 0.05). While correlation results revealed that there was a significant relationship between age (r = 0.75), years of farming experience (r = 0.67) and gender involvement in fadama farming. The study concluded that both men and women involved in fadama farming have their major role to play in contributing to household food security.
Keywords: Fadama Farming, Food Security, Gender Involvement and Sustainability
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