Gender Differences in Competitiveness and Risk Taking: Comparing Children in Colombia and Sweden

35 Pages Posted: 3 Nov 2010 Last revised: 5 Jun 2011

See all articles by Juan-Camilo Cárdenas

Juan-Camilo Cárdenas

Universidad de Los Andes

Anna Dreber

Stockholm School of Economics - Department of Economics

Emma von Essen

University of Aarhus - Department of Economics and Business; Stockholm University - Department of Economics

Eva Ranehill

Stockholm School of Economics

Date Written: November 2, 2010

Abstract

We explore gender differences in preferences for competition and risk among children aged 9-12 in Colombia and Sweden, two countries differing in gender equality according to macro indices. We include four types of tasks that vary in gender stereotyping when looking at competitiveness: running, skipping rope, math and word search. We find that boys and girls are equally competitive in all tasks and all measures in Colombia. Unlike the consistent results in Colombia, the results in Sweden are mixed, with some indication of girls being more competitive than boys in some tasks in terms of performance change, whereas boys are more likely to choose to compete in general. Boys in both countries are more risk taking than girls, with a smaller gender gap in Sweden.

Keywords: Competitiveness, Risk Preferences, Children, Gender Differences, Experiment

JEL Classification: C91, D03, J16

Suggested Citation

Cárdenas, Juan-Camilo and Dreber, Anna and von Essen, Emma and Ranehill, Eva, Gender Differences in Competitiveness and Risk Taking: Comparing Children in Colombia and Sweden (November 2, 2010). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1701702 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1701702

Juan-Camilo Cárdenas

Universidad de Los Andes ( email )

Carrera 1a No. 18A-10
Santafe de Bogota, AA4976
Colombia
339-4949 ext. 2473 (Phone)

Anna Dreber (Contact Author)

Stockholm School of Economics - Department of Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 6501
Sveavagen 65
S-113 83 Stockholm
Sweden

Emma Von Essen

University of Aarhus - Department of Economics and Business ( email )

Nordre Ringgade 1
DK-8000 Aarhus C, 8000
Denmark

Stockholm University - Department of Economics ( email )

Universitetsvägen 10 A
House A, floor 4 and 7
Frescati, Stockholm
Sweden

Eva Ranehill

Stockholm School of Economics ( email )

PO Box 6501
Stockholm, 11383
Sweden

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