A Flying Start? Long Term Consequences of Maternal Time Investments in Children During Their First Year of Life

69 Pages Posted: 4 Nov 2010

See all articles by Kjell G. Salvanes

Kjell G. Salvanes

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Pedro Manuel Carneiro

University College London - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Katrine Vellesen Løken

University of Bergen - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: October 29, 2010

Abstract

We study the impact of increasing the time that the mother spends with her child in the first year of her life. In particular, we examine a reform that increased paid and unpaid maternity leave entitlements in Norway. In response to this reform, maternal leave increased on average by 4 months and family income was unaffected. We find that this increase in maternal time with the child led to a 2.7 percentage points decline in high school dropout rates, going up to 5.2 percentage points for those whose mothers have less than 10 years of education. This effect is especially large for children of mothers who, in the absence of the reform, would take very low levels of unpaid leave. Finally, there is a weak impact on college attendance. The results also suggest that much of the impact of early time with the child is at low levels of maternal education.

Suggested Citation

Salvanes, Kjell G. and Carneiro, Pedro Manuel and Løken, Katrine Vellesen, A Flying Start? Long Term Consequences of Maternal Time Investments in Children During Their First Year of Life (October 29, 2010). NHH Dept. of Economics Discussion Paper No. 24/2010. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1702168 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1702168

Kjell G. Salvanes (Contact Author)

Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) - Department of Economics ( email )

Helleveien 30
N-5035 Bergen
Norway
+47 5 595 9315 (Phone)
+47 5 595 9543 (Fax)

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Pedro Manuel Carneiro

University College London - Department of Economics ( email )

Gower Street
London WC1E 6BT, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Katrine Vellesen Løken

University of Bergen - Department of Economics ( email )

Fosswinckelsgt. 6
N-5007 Bergen, 5007
Norway

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
76
Abstract Views
734
rank
252,894
PlumX Metrics