The Rights' Orchestra: Proportionality, Balancing, and Viking

36 Pages Posted: 8 Nov 2010 Last revised: 15 Mar 2011

See all articles by Eric Engle

Eric Engle

Date Written: November 7, 2010


Uses the cases of Viking and Laval to compare E.U. proportionality to U.S. balancing. Describes the problems of legal reasoning, justification, and hierarchization of fundamental (constitutional) (human) rights. Applies the Coase theorem to constitutional and treaty adjudication.

Keywords: Proportionality, Balancing, Viking, Laval, Freedom, Right, Establishment, Services, Strike, Collective, Industrial, Action, Justification, Legal Reasoning, Legal Theory, Philosophy of Law, Jurisprudence

JEL Classification: K10, K31, K33, K40

Suggested Citation

Engle, Eric, The Rights' Orchestra: Proportionality, Balancing, and Viking (November 7, 2010). New England Journal of Internaitional Law and Comparative Law, 2011. Available at SSRN:

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