From Child Labor 'Problem' to Human Trafficking 'Crisis': Child Advocacy and Anti-Trafficking Legislation in Ghana

International Labor and Working-Class History, No. 78, pp. 63–88, Fall 2010,

26 Pages Posted: 8 Nov 2010 Last revised: 11 May 2014

Benjamin N. Lawrance

Rochester Institute of Technology

Date Written: November 7, 2010

Abstract

This article examines the relationship between multidimensional child advocacy campaigns and the enactment of Ghana's Human Trafficking Act (2005). I argue that while child advocacy has a rich history, the diffuse labor-oriented advocacy characteristic of the 1990s failed to articulate an achievable goal. Child labor advocacy was impotent because the diverse agencies involved adopted different positions about the permissibility of child labor. By contrast, the anti-trafficking initiatives of the early 2000s focused narrowly on legislative remedy and formulated a discourse of "crisis." An anti-trafficking coalition built on an international regulation model that emerged from the cocoa industry. As agents of social and political change, domestic, regional, and foreign nongovernmental organizations and intergovernmental organizations played important roles in shaping debates and framing new law. The Ghanaian law, however, is of limited effectiveness because it ignores autochthonous social practices with historically rich traditions, and it enjoins a narrow, economic model for the proliferation of trafficking.

Keywords: trafficking, Ghana, cocoa, children, child labor, legislation

JEL Classification: A13

Suggested Citation

Lawrance, Benjamin N., From Child Labor 'Problem' to Human Trafficking 'Crisis': Child Advocacy and Anti-Trafficking Legislation in Ghana (November 7, 2010). International Labor and Working-Class History, No. 78, pp. 63–88, Fall 2010,. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1704662

Benjamin N. Lawrance (Contact Author)

Rochester Institute of Technology ( email )

United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.rit.edu/cla/office_of_the_dean.php#3

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