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Hate Groups and Hate Crime

Posted: 14 Nov 2010 Last revised: 24 Nov 2011

Matt E. Ryan

Duquesne University - Department of Economics and Quantitative Sciences

Peter T. Leeson

George Mason University - Department of Economics

Date Written: November 12, 2010

Abstract

This paper is the first to investigate the relationship between hate groups and hate crime empirically. We do so using panel data for the U.S. states between 2002 and 2008. Contrary to conventional wisdom, we find little evidence that hate groups are associated with hate crime in the United States. We find somewhat stronger evidence that economic hardship may be related to hate crime. However, evidence for the potential importance of economic factors remains weak. Further, we find that demographic variables aren’t significantly related to hate crime in the United States. Our results leave the question of what factors may drive hate crime in America unresolved. But they cast doubt on the popular perception that hate groups are among them.

Suggested Citation

Ryan, Matt E. and Leeson, Peter T., Hate Groups and Hate Crime (November 12, 2010). International Review of Law and Economics, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1708181

Matt E. Ryan

Duquesne University - Department of Economics and Quantitative Sciences ( email )

802 Rockwell Hall
Pittsburgh, PA 15282
United States

Peter T. Leeson (Contact Author)

George Mason University - Department of Economics ( email )

4400 University Drive
Fairfax, VA 22030
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.peterleeson.com

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