Bend it Like Beckham: Ethnic Identity and Integration

46 Pages Posted: 22 Nov 2010  

Alberto Bisin

New York University (NYU) - Department of Economics; New York University (NYU) - Center for Experimental Social Science (CESS); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Eleonora Patacchini

Università di Roma "La Sapienza"; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF)

Thierry Verdier

Paris School of Economics (PSE); Delta - Ecole Normale Superieure (ENS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Yves Zenou

Stockholm University; Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IUI); IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: October 2010

Abstract

We propose a theoretical framework to study the determinants of ethnic and religious identity along two distinct motivational processes which have been proposed in the social sciences: cultural conformity and cultural distinction. Under cultural conformity, ethnic identity is reduced by neighborhood integration, which weakens group loyalties and prejudices. On the contrary, under cultural distinction, ethnic minorities are more motivated in retaining their own distinctive cultural heritage the more integrated are the neighborhoods where they reside and work. Data on ethnic preferences and attitudes provided by the Fourth National Survey of Ethnic Minorities in the UK enables us to test the relative significance of these two identity processes. We find evidence consistent with intense ethnic and religious identity mostly formed as a cultural distinction mechanism. Consistently, we document that ethnic identities are more intense in mixed than in segregated neighborhoods.

Keywords: cultural transmission, Ethnicity, identity, intermarriage

JEL Classification: A14, J15

Suggested Citation

Bisin, Alberto and Patacchini, Eleonora and Verdier, Thierry and Zenou, Yves, Bend it Like Beckham: Ethnic Identity and Integration (October 2010). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP8054. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1711067

Alberto Bisin (Contact Author)

New York University (NYU) - Department of Economics

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New York University (NYU) - Center for Experimental Social Science (CESS) ( email )

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

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Eleonora Patacchini

Università di Roma "La Sapienza" ( email )

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IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

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Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF) ( email )

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Thierry Verdier

Paris School of Economics (PSE) ( email )

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France

Delta - Ecole Normale Superieure (ENS) ( email )

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75014 Paris
France
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Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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Yves Zenou

Stockholm University ( email )

Universitetsvägen 10
Stockholm, Stockholm SE-106 91
Sweden

Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IUI) ( email )

P.O. Box 5501
S-114 85 Stockholm
Sweden

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom

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