Earnings Attribution and Information Transfers
44 Pages Posted: 20 Nov 2010 Last revised: 11 Apr 2017
Date Written: May 8, 2016
Management frequently attributes earnings news to various economic events. Using textual analysis, we identify the economic factors underlying earnings news from press releases. We document a wide range of industry-wide shocks and firm-specific actions to which the earnings news in management forecasts is attributed. As expected, earnings attributions significantly affect peer firms’ price reactions to the earnings news. Specifically, earnings news attributed to industry-wide trends or firm structural changes leads to positive information transfers but news attributed to firm competitive moves triggers negative information transfers. Further evidence reveals that the strength of information transfers varies with firm-level rivalry within the industry, the nature of industry-level rivalry, and the credibility of earnings attributions.
Keywords: Earnings Attributions, Information Transfers, Management Forecasts, Textual Analysis
JEL Classification: G14, M41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation