Capturing the Zero: A New Class of Zero-Augmented Distributions and Multiplicative Error Processes
36 Pages Posted: 19 Nov 2010 Last revised: 8 Aug 2012
Date Written: July 24, 2012
We propose a novel approach to model serially dependent positive-valued variables which realize a non-trivial proportion of zero outcomes. This is a typical phenomenon in financial time series observed at high frequencies, such as cumulated trading volumes. We introduce a flexible point-mass mixture distribution and develop a semiparametric specification test explicitly tailored for such distributions. Moreover, we propose a new type of multiplicative error model (MEM) based on a zero-augmented distribution, which incorporates an autoregressive binary choice component and thus captures the (potentially different) dynamics of both zero occurrences and of strictly positive realizations. Applying the proposed model to high-frequency cumulated trading volumes of both liquid and illiquid NYSE stocks, we show that the model captures the dynamic and distributional properties of the data well and is able to correctly predict future distributions.
Keywords: High-Frequency Data, Point-Mass Mixture, Multiplicative Error Model, Excess Zeros, Semiparametric Specification Test, Market Microstructure
JEL Classification: C22, C25, C14, C16, C51
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