Distributional Changes in the Gender Wage Gap

41 Pages Posted: 19 Nov 2010

See all articles by Sonja C. Kassenboehmer

Sonja C. Kassenboehmer

Monash University - Centre for Health Economics

Mathias Sinning

Australian National University (ANU) - Crawford School of Public Policy

Date Written: November 19, 2010

Abstract

This paper analyzes changes in wage differentials between white men and white women over the period 1993–2006 across the entire wage distribution using Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) data. We decompose distributional changes in the gender wage gap to assess the contribution of observed characteristics measuring individual productivity. We find that the gender wage gap narrowed by more than 13 percent at the lowest decile and by less than 4 percent at the highest decile. The decomposition results indicate that changes in the gender wage gap are mainly attributable to changes in educational attainment at the top of the wage distribution, while a sizeable part of the changes is due to work history changes at the bottom. Our findings suggest that the educational success of women could reduce the gender wage gap at the bottom of the distribution both before and during the 1990s but did not trigger a strong decline at the top of the distribution until today.

Keywords: Gender Wage Gap, Decomposition Analysis, Unconditional Quantile Regression

JEL Classification: C21, J16, J31

Suggested Citation

Kassenboehmer, Sonja C. and Sinning, Mathias, Distributional Changes in the Gender Wage Gap (November 19, 2010). Ruhr Economic Paper No. 220. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1711857 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1711857

Sonja C. Kassenboehmer

Monash University - Centre for Health Economics ( email )

Building 75, 15 Innovation Walk
Monash University
Clayton, Victoria 3800
Australia

Mathias Sinning (Contact Author)

Australian National University (ANU) - Crawford School of Public Policy ( email )

ANU College of Asia and the Pacific
J.G. Crawford Building, #132, Lennox Crossing
Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200
Australia

HOME PAGE: http://www.mathiassinning.com

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
56
Abstract Views
432
rank
364,426
PlumX Metrics