Financial Constraints of Private Firms and Bank Lending Behavior
Posted: 23 Nov 2010 Last revised: 7 Nov 2015
Date Written: January 31, 2012
We investigate whether and how financial constraints of private firms depend on bank lending behavior. Bank lending behavior, especially its scale, scope and timing, is largely driven by bank business models which differ between privately owned and state-owned banks. Using a unique dataset on small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) we find that an increase in relative borrowings from local state-owned banks significantly reduces SMEs’ financial constraints, while there is no such effect for privately owned banks. Improved credit availability and private information production are the main channels that explain our result. We also show that the lending behavior of local state-owned banks is sustainable because it is less pro-cyclical and neither leads to more risk taking nor underperformance.
Keywords: Financial constraints, Bank loans, Bank business models, Relationship lending, Cyclicality
JEL Classification: D21, G21, G32, L21, L30
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