Job Accessibility and Spatial Mismatch with Longitudinal Employment Data

Posted: 1 Dec 2010

See all articles by Fredrik Andersson

Fredrik Andersson

Government of the United States of America - Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC)

John Haltiwanger

University of Maryland - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Henry Pollakowski

Harvard University - Harvard Graduate School of Design

Daniel H. Weinberg

DHW Consulting

Mark J. Kutzbach

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation

Date Written: November 29, 2010

Abstract

The paper examines spatial mismatch using confidential longitudinal employment data. Its purpose is to increase our understanding of the implications of spatial barriers to access to low-wage work in U.S. metropolitan areas. A central assumption of the spatial mismatch literature is that accessibility to jobs is crucial for obtaining employment. The present analysis examines the importance and nature of this relationship using confidential Census longitudinal employee-employer linked microdata. In doing so, it addresses self-selection, uses a series of dependent variables based on longitudinal data, and proceeds at a detailed spatial level. In particular, it examines the opportunities available to displaced workers in terms of the spatial distribution of potentially-available jobs by industry and earnings. This research is made possible by the availability of a new confidential Census data source: the Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) data. These data provide, for over 120 million U.S. workers, confidential detailed information on job location and residential location. They are longitudinal, permitting estimation of models explaining rehiring after a separation. Likewise, measures of job accessibility are defined not only on the spatial distribution of employment but also based on the spatial distribution of new hires. Models are estimated for five Great Lakes metropolitan areas. These areas vary in size, changes in manufacturing employment, and opportunities in alternate industry sectors.

JEL Classification: R2

Suggested Citation

Andersson, Fredrik and Haltiwanger, John C. and Pollakowski, Henry O. and Weinberg, Daniel H. and Kutzbach, Mark J., Job Accessibility and Spatial Mismatch with Longitudinal Employment Data (November 29, 2010). 46th Annual AREUEA Conference Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1717051

Fredrik Andersson

Government of the United States of America - Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) ( email )

400 7th Street SW
Washington, DC 20219
United States

John C. Haltiwanger

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

College Park, MD 20742
United States
301-405-3504 (Phone)
301-405-3542 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Henry O. Pollakowski (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Harvard Graduate School of Design ( email )

48 Quincy Street
Gund Hall
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Daniel H. Weinberg

DHW Consulting ( email )

No Address Available

Mark J. Kutzbach

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ( email )

550 17th Street NW
Washington, DC 20006

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