A Paper Tiger? Compulsory License Regimes for Public Health in Europe
International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law (IIC), January 2011
37 Pages Posted: 2 Dec 2010
Date Written: December 1, 2010
Lately, specially tailored compulsory license mechanisms aimed at serving public health have been established in France, Belgium and Switzerland. The introduction of these mechanisms was triggered by the controversy surrounding diagnostic gene patents. The present paper describes the (ongoing) global controversy and the conventional compulsory licenses, critically examines the newly introduced compulsory license mechanisms and compares them with the conventional compulsory license regimes.
Keywords: Patents, Licenses, Compulsory Licenses, License of Right, Public Health
JEL Classification: I18, K11, O32, O34, H51
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation