On Valuation with Stochastic Proportional Hazard Models in Finance
34 Pages Posted: 5 Dec 2010 Last revised: 12 Dec 2013
Date Written: September 12, 2012
While the proportional hazard model is recognized to be statistically meaningful for analyzing and estimating financial event risks, the existing literature that analytically deals with the valuation problems is very limited. In this paper, adopting the proportional hazard model in continuous time setting, we provide an analytical treatment for the valuation problems. The derived formulas, which are based on the generalized Edgeworth expansion and give approximate solutions to the valuation problems, are widely useful for evaluating a variety of financial products such as corporate bonds, credit derivatives, mortgage-backed securities, saving accounts and time deposits. Furthermore, the formulas are applicable to the proportional hazard model having not only continuous processes (e.g., Gaussian, affine, and quadratic Gaussian processes) but also discontinuous processes (e.g., Levy and time-changed Levy processes) as stochastic covariates. Through numerical examples, it is demonstrated that very accurate values can be quickly obtained by the formulas such a closed-form formula.
Keywords: event risk, proportional hazard model, Gaussian process, affine process, quadratic Gaussian process, Levy process, time-changed Levy process
JEL Classification: G12, G13, C63
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