The Fractal Process of European Integration: A Formal Theory of Recursivity in the Field of European Security

Roberta Buffet Center for International and Comparative Studies Working Paper Series No. 10-006

Posted: 5 Dec 2010

See all articles by Gregoire Mallard

Gregoire Mallard

Graduate Institute of International Studies

Martial Foucault

University of Montreal; Center for Interuniversity Research and Analysis on Organization (CIRANO)

Date Written: December 2, 2010

Abstract

This article challenges the role that successive generations of EU scholars have granted to the transnational networks of European federalists in the process of European integration. Whereas a first wave of scholarship has claimed that they played a huge role in the process 1) by convincing states to change their preferences and adopt federalist treaties instead of intergovernmental treaties – a claim that was disputed by regime theorists, who argued that transnational networks played no role at all in the process of integration – and that European integration was in fact not different from classical inter-governmentalism; a second wave of institutionalist scholarship refined that claim by arguing that federalists played a more limited role 2) by changing the subjective probabilities which states assigned to the possibility of acceptance of federalist treaties. Instead, this wave argued that federalists increased the expected utility that states derived from the signing of federalist treaties, 3) by spreading the risk of rejection of these treaties into successive rounds of negotiations. Federalists, we claim, segmented treaties into components with different probabilities of acceptance, and structured the different rounds of negotiations of these components by starting with the less risky ones, promising to continue negotiating more risky ones in future rounds.

Keywords: European Security, Defense, NATO, Jean Monnet, Integration, Recursivity

Suggested Citation

Mallard, Gregoire and Foucault, Martial, The Fractal Process of European Integration: A Formal Theory of Recursivity in the Field of European Security (December 2, 2010). Roberta Buffet Center for International and Comparative Studies Working Paper Series No. 10-006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1719329 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1719329

Gregoire Mallard (Contact Author)

Graduate Institute of International Studies ( email )

Geneva
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://www.gregoiremallard.com

Martial Foucault

University of Montreal ( email )

Political Science Department
C.P. 6128 succursale Centre-ville
Montreal, Quebec H3T 1B9, Quebec H3C 3J7
Canada

Center for Interuniversity Research and Analysis on Organization (CIRANO)

2020 rue University, 25th floor
Montreal H3C 3J7, Quebec
Canada

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