The Human Security Theory of Integrative Negotiation for Sociopolitical Conflicts: The Thai Color Divide as a Case Study
Asia Pacific World, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 61-82, 2010
Posted: 9 Dec 2010
Complex negotiations between large socio-political groups tend to rely on distributive negotiation. This article explores how the human security approach could be used as the basis for selecting ‘standard objective criteria’ to foster more constructive integrative negotiations between the People’s Alliance for Democracy, also known as ‘Yellow Shirts,’ and the National United Front of Democracy against Dictatorship, or the ‘Red Shirts,’ in Thailand. The complexity of the conflict between the two groups in Thailand and the importance of the outcome make it a good representative case study on how to transcend realist/distributional methods of negotiation and conflict resolution. In conclusion, human security provides an ethical yet flexible framework to guide negotiations between large social movements. Finally, the study develops a tentative Human Security Theory of Integrative Negotiation for sociopolitical conflicts.
Keywords: Conflict, Human Security, Negotiation, Red Shirts, Thailand, Yellow Shirts
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