Conflict and the Corner: The Impact of Intergroup Conflict and Geographic Turf on Gang Violence

48 Pages Posted: 10 Dec 2010

See all articles by Andrew V. Papachristos

Andrew V. Papachristos

Sociology; Northwestern University - Institute for Policy Research

David Hureau

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

Anthony A. Braga

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS); Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - School of Criminal Justice

Date Written: September 8, 2010

Abstract

Intergroup conflict and geographic turf are essential dimensions of many gang behaviors, including violence. Using incident level police records, detailed maps of turf boundaries, and ethnographic data, this paper recreates and analyzes networks of gang violence in Chicago and Boston. After describing the unique structures of these gang networks, we use exponential random graph models to assess the relative effect of prior dyadic conflict and geographic adjacency on subsequent patterns of violence. Findings suggest that both prior dyadic ties (past conflict) and turf adjacency contribute to the probability of a gang engaging in violence with a particular adversary, although the relative importance of prior conflict exceeds that of geographic proximity.

Keywords: Social Newtorks, Street Gangs, Homicide, Chicago, Boston

Suggested Citation

Papachristos, Andrew V. and Hureau, David and Braga, Anthony A., Conflict and the Corner: The Impact of Intergroup Conflict and Geographic Turf on Gang Violence (September 8, 2010). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1722329 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1722329

Andrew V. Papachristos (Contact Author)

Sociology ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://www.papachristos.org

Northwestern University - Institute for Policy Research ( email )

2003 Sheridan Rd
Evanston, IL 60208-2600
United States

David Hureau

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )

79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Anthony A. Braga

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )

79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-496-9835 (Phone)

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - School of Criminal Justice ( email )

123 Washington Street
Newark, NJ 07102-309
United States

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