Workers’ Views of the Impact of Trade on Jobs
37 Pages Posted: 8 Dec 2010 Last revised: 15 Jan 2012
Date Written: December 8, 2010
This paper uses new data to examine how workers’ perceptions of the impact of trade on jobs like theirs are related to economic variables representing their career paths, job characteristics, and local labor market conditions. We find that only 17% of workers think trade creates jobs. And even fewer workers (4% to 7%) in any industry think trade has created better jobs. Interestingly, given prior literature, we find that workers’ perceptions do not reflect their job characteristics or the movability of their jobs. Their perceptions of trade impact primarily reflect local labor market conditions (hiring and separation rates) and education. The determinants of workers’ perceptions of trade present a different pattern compared to their perceptions of job security.
Keywords: globalization, trade, job loss, job security
JEL Classification: J08
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