The Effects of Market Reform on Trading Costs of Public Investors: Evidence from the London Stock Exchange

48 Pages Posted: 16 Aug 1999

See all articles by Narayan Y. Naik

Narayan Y. Naik

London Business School - Institute of Finance and Accounting

Pradeep K. Yadav

University of Oklahoma Price College of Business

Date Written: June 1999

Abstract

In October 1997, the London Stock Exchange removed the obligation of dealers to quote firm two-way prices for FTSE 100 index stocks, and allowed the public to compete directly with dealers in these stocks through the submission of limit orders. This article examines the effects of these market reforms on the trading costs of "public" investors, the targeted beneficiary of the reforms, and documents several interesting results. First, the duly signed average effective half-spread of public investors has decreased much more than the corresponding decrease in the absolute effective half-spread documented by Barclay et. al. (1998) for NASDAQ. This is because a sub-set of public investors trade through limit orders, and thereby earn the spread rather than pay it. Second, consistent with the change from obligatory to voluntary market making, there is a significant increase in the "positioning revenue" earned by dealers from a change in the price of a stock while they are carrying the stock in their inventory. As a result, the overall gain of public investors in terms of the realised half-spread is not significantly different from zero. Third, the cross-subsidisation across trade sizes has disappeared, leading to a significant decline in the average execution costs of small public trades and an increase for large public trades. Fourth, the market reforms have caused negative externalities for stocks not going through the new trading system. Finally, in the absence of the price stabilisation provided earlier by dealers, the inside half-spread has increased very sharply in the first hour of trading - a finding which highlights the need for special opening procedures for electronic order books.

JEL Classification: G10, G18, G19

Suggested Citation

Naik, Narayan Y. and Yadav, Pradeep K., The Effects of Market Reform on Trading Costs of Public Investors: Evidence from the London Stock Exchange (June 1999). EFA 0372; London Business School, Institute of Finance & Accounting Working Paper No. 296. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=172328 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.172328

Narayan Y. Naik (Contact Author)

London Business School - Institute of Finance and Accounting ( email )

Sussex Place
Regent's Park
London NW1 4SA
United Kingdom
+44 20 7262 5050 (Phone)
+44 20 724 3317 (Fax)

Pradeep K. Yadav

University of Oklahoma Price College of Business ( email )

307 W.Brooks, Room 205A Division of Finance
Norman, OK 73019
United States
4053256640 (Phone)
4053255491 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ou.edu/price/finance/faculty/pradeep_yadav.html

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